In the realm of legal affairs, the acquisition of a Succession Certificate holds paramount importance, particularly in the context of property inheritance. This document serves as a gateway for the rightful heirs to claim the assets left behind by a deceased individual.

In India, the process to obtain a succession certificate entails several intricate steps, necessitating a comprehensive understanding of the legal procedures involved.

Did you know Succession Certificate

What is a Succession Certificate?

A succession certificate is a legal document issued by a civil court that validates the rightful heirs of a deceased person and authorizes them to inherit and manage the assets and liabilities left behind by the deceased.

This certificate serves as conclusive evidence of the legitimacy of the heirs and their entitlement to the deceased’s estate. If you need to apply for a succession certificate, you must follow the appropriate legal procedures to obtain one.

If you’re dealing with the inheritance of property, securing a succession certificate for property is essential for a smooth transition of ownership.

What is the Procedures to Obtain a Succession Certificate in India?

Procedures to obtain a Succession Certificate
1. Eligibility Verification:

Before commencing the application process, it is imperative to ascertain one’s eligibility as a legal heir. The court meticulously scrutinizes the claimants’ relationship with the deceased to ensure their rightful entitlement to the estate settlement.

2.Preparation of Documents:

The next step involves the meticulous compilation and preparation of the requisite documents, including the legal heir certificate , certificate of inheritance , and other supporting documents establishing the claimants’ right to succession.

3.Drafting and Filing the Application:

Upon gathering the necessary documentation, the petitioner must draft a comprehensive application petitioning the court for the issuance of a Inheritance certificate.

The application should delineate the details of the deceased’s estate distribution order and the claimants’ entitlement to it.

4.Publication and Notice:

Following the submission of the application, the court mandates the publication of a notice in local newspapers to invite any objections or claims against the petition for succession.

This serves as a crucial step to ensure transparency and afford an opportunity for any aggrieved parties to contest the claim.

Additionally, Letters of Administration are required for the proper legal distribution of the deceased’s estate, providing the appointed administrator with the authority to manage and distribute assets according to the law.

The Estate succession decree is then issued to finalize the distribution process and legally transfer ownership of assets to the rightful heirs.

5.Court Hearing and Evidence:

Subsequently, the court conducts hearings to adjudicate the validity of the petition. The claimants are required to provide substantial evidence substantiating their relationship with the deceased and their entitlement to the estate administration certificate.

6.Court Order:

Upon satisfactory verification of the claims and fulfillment of legal requirements, the court issues a definitive order granting the succession certificate to the rightful heirs.

7.Receipt of Succession Certificate:

Once the court order is issued, the Inheritance certificate is conferred upon the claimants, affirming their legal authority over the deceased’s estate.

8.Use of Succession Certificate:

 The succession certificate empowers the heirs to execute various actions pertaining to the estate, including the transfer of property, settlement of debts, and collection of dues on behalf of the deceased.

How long does it take to get a Succession Certificate?

Time Period for Succession Certificate

The process of obtaining a succession certificate in India is not instantaneous and typically spans a duration of 5 to 7 months. Initially, 15 to 30 days are allocated for the issuance of the legal heir certificate , followed by the subsequent procedures involved in obtaining the Inheritance certificate.

Cost of Obtaining a Succession Certificate in India

The cost of obtaining a succession certificate in India varies depending on factors such as legal fees, court charges, and documentation expenses.

The fee structure for obtaining a Inheritance certificate  entails a charge equivalent to three percent of the total value of the property. Additionally, to procure the legal heir certificate , a nominal fee of Rs. 2 for stamp duty and Rs. 20 for stamp paper for the affidavit is required.

Disqualifications to Succession of Property

Two common disqualifications to succession of property include:

  1. If the individual is found to have forged documents or misrepresented facts to claim inheritance.

2.If the individual has been legally declared unfit or disqualified from inheriting property.

In conclusion, the acquisition of a succession certificate is a pivotal step in the legal process of estate settlement in India. Through diligent adherence to the prescribed procedures and requisite documentation, rightful heirs can obtain this crucial document, facilitating the seamless transfer and management of the deceased’s estate.

To Know More Information About Succession Certificates, Contact M&M Law Partners.

For expert guidance and legal assistance on Succession Certificate, M&M Law Partners is your trusted partner. At M&M Law Partners, we have the Best Civil  lawyers in Delhi High Court, who are experts in Civil Services. We offer comprehensive legal solutions tailored to your specific needs. 

Succession Certificate in India


How do I write a petition for a succession certificate?

The petition for a succession certificate should be meticulously drafted, outlining the details of the deceased’s estate and the claimants’ entitlement to it. It is advisable to seek legal counsel to ensure the petition adheres to the prescribed legal format and requirements.

What is the validity of a legal heir certificate?

The legal heir certificate remains valid indefinitely, serving as a testament to the claimants’ status as rightful heirs to the deceased’s estate.

Is a succession certificate required if there is a nominee?

While a nominee may facilitate the transfer of certain assets, a succession certificate is indispensable for the comprehensive settlement of the deceased’s estate, particularly in cases involving multiple heirs or complex assets.

Is a succession certificate required if there is a nominee?

While a nominee may facilitate the transfer of certain assets, a succession certificate is indispensable for the comprehensive settlement of the deceased’s estate, particularly in cases involving multiple heirs or complex assets.

Who are disqualified heirs for succession?

Heirs may be disqualified from succession if they are minors, of unsound mind, or expressly disinherited by the deceased through a valid legal instrument such as a will.

Who is Authorized to issue a succession certificate?

The authority to issue a succession certificate lies with the civil court within whose jurisdiction the deceased last resided. The issuance of the certificate is contingent upon the court’s satisfaction with the claimants’ eligibility and entitlement to the estate.

I am a leading civil lawyer in India, dedicated to providing expert legal counsel and resolving disputes effectively. With a proven track record of success and a commitment to upholding justice, I strive to deliver the best possible outcomes for my clients. As the top lawyer at MandM Law Firm, I bring a wealth of knowledge and expertise across various practice areas, including civil litigation and corporate law. Join me as we explore the dynamic world of law, discovering the best topics, understanding market trends, and making informed decisions together.